The Supreme Court is set to make a landmark decision this month, a ruling that affects us all and will essentially determine ‘who owns’ the human genome. The case concerns the patenting of genes. Human genes. And though the issue is now front and center, it is far from new. As a matter of fact, over the past 30 years more than 40,000 gene patents have been created and accepted. Around 20% of your genes are actually patented by major corporations and universities.